The EMS is an organizational structure that allows the company to evaluate and control the environmental impacts of its activities, products, or services. There are six essential elements of an EMS:
Environmental policy: in which the company establishes its goals and commitment to environmental performance;
Planning: in which the company analyzes the environmental impact of its activities;
Implementation and operation: development and implementation of actions to achieve environmental goals and objectives;
Monitoring and correcting actions: which implies the monitoring and use of indicators that ensure that the goals and objectives are being met;
Management review: in which the EMS is reviewed by the company’s top management, to ensure its probability, adequacy, and effectiveness;
Continuous improvement: providing the company with a constant search for the development of its processes.